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1447 - Nicholas V becomes Pope.

1454 - Thirteen Years' War: Delegates of the Prussian Confederation pledged allegiance to Casimir IV of Poland, and the Polish king agreed to help in their struggle for independence from the Teutonic Knights.

1460 - Treaty of Alcaçovas - Portugal gives the Canary Islands to Castile in exchange for claims in West Africa.

1521 - Ferdinand Magellan arrives at Guam.

1788 - The First Fleet arrives to Norfolk Island in order to found a convict settlement.

1820 - The Missouri Compromise is signed into law by President James Monroe. The compromise allows Missouri to enter the Union as a slave state, but makes the rest of the northern part of the Louisiana Purchase territory slavery-free.

1834 - York, Upper Canada is incorporated as Toronto.

1836 - Texas Revolution: Battle of the Alamo - After a 13-day siege by an army of 3,000 Mexican troops, the 189 Texas volunteers defending the Alamo are defeated and the fort taken.

1853 - The Giuseppe Verdi opera La Traviata premieres in Venice.

1856 - The University of Maryland, College Park is chartered as the Maryland Agricultural College.

1857 - The Supreme Court of the United States rules in the Dred Scott v. Sandford case.

1869 - Dmitri Mendeleev presents the first periodic table to the Russian Chemical Society.

1899 - Bayer registers aspirin as a trademark.


1900 - A coal mine explosion in West Virginia traps 50 coal miners.

1901 - In Bremen an assassin attempts to kill Wilhelm II of Germany.

1921 - The Portuguese Communist Party is founded as the Portuguese Section of the Communist International.

1925 - Pionerskaya Pravda, one of the oldest children's newspapers in Europe, is founded.

1925 - Belgium annexes Eupen, Malmedy, and Sankt Vith.

1940 - Winter War: An armistice is signed by Finland and the Soviet Union.

1945 - A communist-dominated government under Petru Groza assumes power in Romania.

1946 - Vietnam War: Ho Chi Minh signs an agreement with France which recognizes Vietnam as an autonomous state in the Indochinese Federation and the French Union.

1948 - USS Newport News, the first air-conditioned naval ship, is launched from Newport News, Virginia.

1951 - The trial of Ethel and Julius Rosenberg begins.

1953 - Georgy Maksimilianovich Malenkov succeeds Josef Stalin as Premier and First Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union.

1957 - United Kingdom colonies Gold Coast and British Togoland become the independent Republic of Ghana.

1957 - Israel withdraws its troops from the Sinai Peninsula.


1964 - Prophet Elijah Muhammad officially gives Cassius Clay the name Muhammad Ali meaning "beloved of Allah".

1964 - Constantine II becomes King of Greece.

1964 - Tom O'Hara sets a new world record for the indoor mile run by completing it in 3 minutes, 56.4 seconds.

1970 - Cult leader and suspected murderer Charles Manson releases an album titled Lie: The Love And Terror Cult to help finance his defense.

1975 - Algiers Accord: Iran and Iraq announce a settlement over their border dispute.

1981 - After 19 years presenting the CBS Evening News, Walter Cronkite signs off for the last time.

1983 - The United States Football League begins its first year of competition.

1984 - Twelve-month-long strike in British coal industry begins.

1987 - The British ferry M/S Herald of Free Enterprise capsizes in about 90 seconds after leaving the harbour of Zeebrugge, Belgium en route to Dover, England across the English Channel, killing 193.

1988 - Students at Gallaudet University go on strike for the selection of a deaf university president. The protest is called Deaf President Now.

1992 - The Michelangelo computer virus begins to affect computers.

1994 - Referendum in Moldova results in the electorate voting against possible reunification with Romania.

1997 - Picasso's painting Tête de Femme is stolen from a London gallery, and is recovered a week later.

2006 - South Dakota Governor Mike Rounds signs a bill into legislation that would ban most abortions in the state.


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