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529 - First draft of Corpus Juris Civilis (a fundamental work in jurisprudence) is issued by Eastern Roman Emperor Justinian I.

1348 - Charles University is founded in Prague.

1521 - Ferdinand Magellan arrives at Cebu.

1541 - Francis Xavier leaves Lisbon on a mission to the Portuguese East Indies.

1655 - Fabio Chigi becomes Pope Alexander VII.

1795 - France adopts the metre as the basic measure of length.

1798 - The Mississippi Territory is organized from territory ceded by Georgia and South Carolina and is later twice expanded to include disputed territory claimed by both the U.S. and Spain.

1805 - Lewis and Clark Expedition: The Corps of Discovery breaks camp among the Mandan tribe and resumes its journey West along the Missouri River.

1805 - First public performance of Beethoven's Third Symphony (Eroica).

1827 - John Walker, an English chemist, sells the first friction match. He had invented it in the previous year.

1829 - Joseph Smith, Jr., founder of the The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, commences translation of the Book of Mormon, with Oliver Cowdery as his scribe.

1856 - Foundation of Nelson College, Nelson, New Zealand.

1862 - American Civil War: Battle of Shiloh ends - Union Army under General Ulysses S. Grant defeat the Confederates near Shiloh, Tennessee.


1867 - Johnson C. Smith University was established this day.

1906 - Mount Vesuvius erupts and devastates Naples.

1906 - The Algeciras Conference gives France and Spain control over Morocco.

1908 - H. H. Asquith of the Liberal Party takes office as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, from Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman

1922 - Teapot Dome scandal: United States Secretary of the Interior leases Teapot Dome petroleum reserves in Wyoming.

1927 - First long distance public television broadcast (Washington, DC to New York City, displaying the image of Commerce Secretary Herbert Hoover).

1933 - The Law for the Restoration of the Professional Civil Service, the first law meant to discriminate specifically against Jews is passed by the National Socialist regime in Germany.

1933 - Prohibition was repealed for beer of no more than 3.2% alcohol by weight (or 4% by volume), eight months before the ratification of XXI amendment.

1934 - The U.S. Congress passes the Jones-Connally Farm-Relief Act.

1939 - World War II: Italy invades Albania.

1940 - Booker T. Washington becomes the first African American to be depicted on a United States postage stamp.

1943 - First synthesis of LSD, lysergic acid diethylamide, by Albert Hofmann.

1945 - World War II: The Japanese battleship Yamato, the largest battleship ever constructed, is sunk 200 miles north of Okinawa while en-route on a suicide mission in Operation Ten-Go.


1945 - Kantaro Suzuki becomes the 42nd Prime Minister of Japan.

1946 - Syria's independence from France is officially recognised.

1948 - The World Health Organization is established by the United Nations.

1953 - Dag Hammarskjöld is elected United Nations Secretary General.

1954 - U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower gives his "domino theory" speech during a news conference.

1955 - Anthony Eden, Conservative Party, becomes Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.

1956 - Spain relinquishes its protectorate in Morocco.

1963 - Yugoslavia is proclaimed to be a Socialist republic and Josip Broz Tito is named President for life.

1964 - IBM announces the System/360.

1967 - Six-Day War: Israeli fighters shoot down seven Syrian MIG-21s.

1969 - The Internet's symbolic birth date: publication of RFC 1.

1977 - German Federal Prosecutor Siegfried Buback and his driver are shot by two Red Army Faction members while waiting at a red light.

1980 - The United States severs diplomatic relations with Iran and imposes economic sanctions following the taking of American hostages on November 4, 1979.

1983 - During STS-6, astronauts Story Musgrave and Don Peterson perform the first space shuttle spacewalk (duration: 4 hours, 10 minutes).

1989 - Soviet submarine Komsomolets sinks in the Barents Sea off the coast of Norway killing 42 sailors.

1990 - Iran Contra Affair: John Poindexter is found guilty of five charges for his part in the scandal (the conviction was reversed on appeal).

1992 - Republika Srpska announces its independence.

1994 - Massacres of Tutsis begin in Kigali, Rwanda.

2001 - Mars Odyssey is launched.

2003 - U.S. troops capture Baghdad; Saddam Hussein's regime falls two days later.


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