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1000 - Battle of Swold somewhere in the Baltic Sea between Norway and other Scandinavians.

1087 - William the Conqueror dies near Rouen, France.

1379 - Treaty of Neuberg, splitting the Austrian Habsburg lands between the Habsburg Dukes Albert III and Leopold III.

1493 - Battle of Krbava field, a decisive defeat of Croats in Croatian struggle against the Ottoman Empire invasion.

1513 - James IV of Scotland is defeated and dies in the Battle of Flodden Field, ending Scotland's involvement in the War of the League of Cambrai.

1543 - Mary Stuart, at nine months old, is officially crowned "Queen of Scots" in the central Scottish town of Stirling.

1739 - Stono Rebellion, the largest slave uprising in Britains mainland North American colonies prior to the American Revolution, erupts near Charleston, South Carolina.

1776 - The Continental Congress officially names their new union of sovereign states the United States (the United States didn't become a country until the ratification of the Constitution).

1839 - John Herschel takes the first glass plate photograph.

1850 - California is admitted as the thirty-first U.S. state.

1850 - The Compromise of 1850 strips Texas of a third of its claimed territory (now parts of Colorado, Kansas, New Mexico, Oklahoma, and Wyoming) in return for the U.S. federal government assuming $10 million of Texas's pre-annexation debt.

1863 - American Civil War: The Union Army enters Chattanooga, Tennessee.

1886 - The Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works is finalized.


1914 - World War I: The creation of the Canadian Automobile Machine Gun Brigade, the first fully mechanized unit in the British Army.

1922 - Greek-Turkish war has ended with Turkish victory over the Greeks. The largest part of the city of Smyrna (on the Minor Asia coast, now Izmir) is burned. Non-Turkic population flees.

1923 - Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, the founder of the Republic of Turkey, founds the Republican People's Party (CHP).

1924 - Hanapepe Massacre occurs on Kauai, Hawaii.

1926 - The U.S. National Broadcasting Company formed.

1942 - World War II: A Japanese floatplane drops an incendiary bomb on Oregon.

1943 - World War II: The Allies land at Salerno and Taranto, Italy.

1944 - World War II: Bulgaria is occupied by Soviet Union.

1945 - Second Sino-Japanese War: Japan formally surrenders to China.

1947 - "First actual case of (a computer) bug being found": a moth lodges in a relay of a Mark II computer at Harvard University.

1948 - The Republic Day of Democratic People's Republic of Korea

1956 - Elvis Presley appears on The Ed Sullivan Show for the first time.

1965 - The United States Department of Housing and Urban Development is established.


1966 - The National Traffic and Motor Vehicle Safety Act signed into law by U.S. President Lyndon Johnson.

1969 - Allegheny Airlines Flight 853 DC-9 collided in flight with a Piper PA-28 and crashed near Fairland, Indiana.

1971 - Attica Prison riots

1991 - Tajikstan gains independence from the Soviet Union.

1995 - Sony's PlayStation game console was released in the US.

1995 - Kids WB! debuted on The WB.

1999 - Sega's Dreamcast game console was released in the US.

2001, 01:46:40 UTC - the Unix billennium.

2001 - Ahmed Shah Massoud, leader of the Northern Alliance, is assassinated in Afghanistan.

2004 - 2004 Jakarta embassy bombing: A bomb explodes outside the Australian embassy in Jakarta, killing 10 people.

2004 - Serbian Prime Minister Vojislav Ko?tunica reverses a decision by Minister of Education and Sport Ljiljana ?oli? to require the teaching of both creationism and evolution in schools, and announces that ?oli? will be replaced.


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