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217 - The papacy of Pope Zephyrinus ends.

1522 - Suleiman the Magnificent accepts the surrender of the surviving Knights of Rhodes, who are allowed to evacuate. They eventually re-settle on Malta and become known as the Knights of Malta.

1803 - Louisiana Purchase completed at a ceremony in New Orleans.

1860 - South Carolina becomes first state to secede from the United States.

1915 - Last Australian troops evacuated from Gallipoli.

1917 - Cheka, first Soviet secret police, founded.

1951 - Nuclear power first harvested when EBR-1 powers four light bulbs.

1952 - United States Air Force C-124 crashes and burns in Moses Lake, Washington killing 87.

1960 - National Front for the Liberation of Vietnam is formed.

1973 - The Spanish Prime Minister, Admiral Luis Carrero Blanco, is assassinated by a car bomb attack in Madrid.

1984 - The Summit tunnel fire is the largest underground fire in history, as a freight train carrying over 1 million litres of petrol derails near the town of Todmorden in the Pennines.

1988 - The United Nations Convention Against Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances is signed at Vienna.

1989 - United States invasion of Panama: United States sends troops into Panama to overthrow government of Manuel Noriega.


1995 - NATO begins peacekeeping in Bosnia.

1995 - An American Airlines Flight 965 Boeing 757 crashes into a mountain 50 km north of Cali, Colombia killing 160.

1996 - NeXT merges with Apple Computer, starting the path to Mac OS X.

1999 - Vermont's Supreme Court rules that homosexual couples are entitled to same benefits and protections as married heterosexual couples.

1999 - Macau is handed over to the People's Republic of China by Portugal.

2001 - Argentine economic crisis (1999-2002): President of Argentina Fernando de la RĂșa is forced out of office.

2002 - US Senator Trent Lott resigns as majority leader.

2005 - 2005 New York City transit strike: New York City's Transport Workers Union Local 100 goes on strike, shutting down all New York City Subway and Bus services.



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