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530 - Antipope Dioscorus ends his reign as Catholic Pope.

1066 - Norman Conquest: Battle of Hastings - In England on Senlac Hill, seven miles from Hastings, the forces of William the Conqueror defeat the Saxon army and kill King Harold II of England.

1322 - Robert the Bruce of Scotland defeats King Edward II of England at Byland, forcing Edward to accept Scotland's independence.

1586 - Mary I of Scotland goes on trial for conspiracy against Elizabeth I of England.

1651 - Laws are passed in Massachusetts forbidding poor people from adopting excessive styles of dress.

1656 - Massachusetts enacts the first punitive legislation against the Religious Society of Friends (Quakers). The marriage of church-and-state in Puritanism makes them regard the ritual-free Quakers as spiritually apostate and politically subversive.

1758 - Austria defeats Prussia at the Battle of Hochkirk

1773 - The first recorded ministry of education, the Commission of National Education, is formed in Poland.

1773 - Revolutionary War: The United Kingdom's East India Company tea ships' cargo are burned at Annapolis, Maryland.

1806 - Battle of Jena-Auerstädt France defeats Prussia

1812 - Work on London's Regent's Canal starts.

1834 - In Philadelphia, Whigs and Democrats stage a gun, stone and brick battle for control of a Moyamensing Township election, resulting in one death, several injuries, and the burning down of a block of buildings.

1834 - Henry Blair is the first African American to obtain a US patent. The patent was for a corn planter.


1835 - John Templeton, John Moore, Stanley Cuthbart and Ellen Ritchie were charged in Wheeling, Virginia with illegally teaching blacks to read.

1840 - Maronite leader Bashir II surrenders to the British forces and goes into exile in Malta.

1843 - The British arrest Irish nationalist Daniel O'Connell for conspiracy.

1863 - American Civil War: Battle of Bristol Station - Confederate General Robert E. Lee forces fail to drive the Union Army out of Virginia.

1867 - The 15th and last Shogun of the Tokugawa shogunate resigns in Japan.

1882 - University of the Punjab is founded in present day Pakistan.

1884 - George Eastman patents paper-strip photographic film.

1912 - While campaigning in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, former president Theodore Roosevelt is shot by saloonkeeper William Schrank. With a fresh flesh wound and the bullet still in him, Roosevelt still delivers his scheduled speech.

1914 - German troops occupy Bruges.

1916 - Sophomore tackle and guard Paul Robeson is excluded from the Rutgers football team when Washington and Lee Universities refuse to play against a black person.

1920 - Part of Petsamo province is ceded by Soviet Union to Finland.

1925 - Anti-French uprising in Damascus (French inhabitants flee)

1926 - The children's book Winnie-the-Pooh, by A.A. Milne, is first published.


1933 - Nazi Germany withdraws from The League of Nations.

1939 - German U-47 sinks British battleship HMS Royal Oak.

1942 - A German U-boat sinks the ferry SS Caribou, killing 137.

1942 - Japanese battleship strikes Henderson Field.

1943 - Japan declares Philippine Independence.

1943 - U.S. 8th Air Force loses 60 B-17 Flying Fortresses during assault on Schweinfurt.

1944 - Allied troops land in Corfu.

1944 - British troops march into Athens.

1946 - Netherlands and Indonesia sign cease fire.

1947 - Chuck Yeager flies a Bell X-1 faster than the speed of sound, the first man to do so in level flight.

1949 - Eleven leaders of the U.S. Communist Party are convicted, after a nine-month trial, of conspiring to advocate the violent overthrow of the U.S. government.

1949 - Chinese Red Army occupies Canton (Guangzhou).

1958 - The U.S. conducts an underground nuclear weapon test at the Nevada Test Site.

1958 - The District of Columbia Bar Association votes to accept black Americans as members.

1962 - Cuban Missile Crisis begins: A U-2 flight over Cuba takes photos of Soviet nuclear weapons being installed.

1963 - The term "Beatlemania" is coined by the British press to describe the scene at the previous night's performance by The Beatles on the TV show Val Parnell's Sunday Night at the London Palladium.

1964 - Leonid Brezhnev becomes general secretary of the CPSU and leader of the Soviet Union, ousting Nikita Khrushchev.

1964 - American civil rights movement leader Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr becomes the youngest recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize.

1966 - The city of Montreal inaugurates the Montreal Metro.

1967 - Vietnam War: Folk singer Joan Baez is arrested in a blockade of the military induction center in Oakland, California.

1968 - Vietnam War: 27 soldiers are arrested at the Presidio in San Francisco for their peaceful protest of stockade conditions and the Vietnam War.

1968 - Vietnam War: The United States Department of Defense announces that the United States Army and United States Marines will be sending about 24,000 troops back to Vietnam for involuntary second tours.

1968 - First live telecast from a manned U.S. spacecraft Apollo 7.

1968 - A 6.8 earthquake wrecked the Australian town of Meckering, and also ruptured all major roads and railways nearby.

1968 - James Hines of the USA becomes the first man ever to break the ten second barrier in the 100 metres Olympic final at Mexico City with a time of 9.95 sec. He would be the only man to do so until 1983.

1969 - A race riot occurs in Springfield, Massachusetts.

1969 - The United Kingdom introduces the 50p (fifty-pence) coin, replacing the ten-shilling note, in anticipation of the decimalisation of the currency in 1971.

1971 - Two people are killed in a Memphis, Tennessee race riot.

1973 - Thailand's University Students protest for a democratic government; 77 are killed and 857 injured.

1979 - The first Gay Rights March on Washington, D.C. demands "an end to all social, economic, judicial, and legal oppression of lesbian and gay people," draws 200,000 people.

1981 - Citing official misconduct in the investigation and trial, Amnesty International charges the U.S. government with holding Richard Marshall of the American Indian Movement as a political prisoner.

1981 - Vice President Hosni Mubarak is elected President of Egypt one week after Anwar Sadat was assassinated.

1982 - U.S. President Ronald Reagan proclaims a War on Drugs.

1983 - Grenada leftist coup under Vice-Premier Coard.

1987 - 18-month-old Jessica McClure ("Baby Jessica") falls down an abandoned well in Midland, Texas (her nationally televised rescue takes 58 hours).

1994 - Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat, Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin, and Israeli Foreign Minister Shimon Peres receive the Nobel Peace Prize.

1996 - The Dow Jones Industrial Average gains 40.62 to 6,010.00, closing above 6,000 for the first time ever.

1998 - Eric Robert Rudolph is charged with 6 bombings including the 1996 Centennial Olympic Park bombing in Atlanta, Georgia.

2001 - Delta Flight 458 from Atlanta, Georgia to Newark, New Jersey, is diverted to Charlotte-Douglas International Airport, and passengers are taken off the flight while officials investigate a report of two "Middle Eastern men" making threats in a foreign tongue. It turned out to be two Orthodox Jews who were praying peacefully.

2003 - The Curse of the Billy Goat strikes again, as Steve Bartman becomes famous during The Inning that lead the the Chicago Cubs defeat in Game 6 of the NCLS and eventual loss of the series to the eventual World Series Champions, the Florida Marlins.


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