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1618 - Johannes Kepler discovers the third law of planetary motion (he soon rejects the idea after some initial calculations were made but later on May 15 confirms the discovery).

1702 - Very unexpectedly, Anne Stuart, the sister of the childless Mary II, becomes Queen of England, Scotland and Ireland after the death of William III of Orange from injuries he suffered in a fall from his horse.

1782 - Gnadenhütten massacre: Almost 100 Native Americans in Gnadenhutten, Ohio had their skulls crushed with a mallet by Pennsylvanian militiamen in a mass murder.

1844 - King Oscar I ascends to the throne of Sweden-Norway.

1862 - American Civil War: The iron-clad CSS Virginia (formerly USS Merrimack) is launched at Hampton Roads, Virginia.

1884 - Susan B. Anthony testifies before the Judiciary Committee of the House of Representatives arguing for an amendment to the U.S. Constitution granting women the right to vote.

1906 - Moro Crater Massacre: U.S. troops occupying the Philippines massacre about 600 men, women and children taking refuge in a crater.

1911 - International Women's Day is celebrated for the first time.

1917 - The February Revolution breaks out in Russia (February 23 O.S.).

1917 - The United States Senate adopts the cloture rule in order to limit filibusters.

1918 - The first case of Spanish flu occurs, the start of a devastating pandemic.

1921 - Spanish Premier Eduardo Dato is assassinated while exiting the parliament building in Madrid.

1936 - The first stock car race is held in Daytona Beach, Florida.


1942 - World War II: The Dutch surrender to Japanese forces on Java.

1942 - World War II: Japan captures Rangoon, Burma.

1943 - World War II: Japanese troops counter-attack American forces on Hill 700 in Bougainville in a battle that will last five days.

1948 - The United States Supreme Court rules that religious instruction in public schools violated the Constitution.

1950 - The Soviet Union claims to have an atomic bomb.

1952 - Antoine Pinay becomes Prime Minister of France.

1957 - Egypt re-opens the Suez Canal.

1965 - Vietnam War: 3,500 United States Marines arrive in South Vietnam, becoming the first American combat troops in Vietnam.

1966 - Vietnam War: Australia announces it is going to substantially increase its number of troops in Vietnam.

1966 - A bomb planted by young Irish protesters destroys Nelson's Pillar in Dublin.

1971 - Joe Frazier defeats Muhammad Ali in the first of three epic bouts. Frazier defends the world Heavyweight title in a star-studded Madison Square Garden.

1974 - Charles de Gaulle Airport opens in Paris, France.

1983 - President Ronald Reagan calls the Soviet Union an evil empire.


1985 - A car-bombing in Beirut in front of the mosque kills 85 people and injures 175.

1999 - Oklahoma City bombing: The Supreme Court of the United States upholds the murder convictions of Timothy McVeigh.

2000 - A collision between two Tokyo Metro trains kills 5 people.

2004 - A new constitution is signed by Iraq's Governing Council.

2005 - Large pro-Syrian rally in Riad Al Solh square in Beirut mainly organized by Hezbollah.


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