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1349 - The Jewish population of Basel, Switzerland is rounded up and incinerated, believed by the residents to be the cause of the ongoing bubonic plague.

1431 - Judges' investigations for the trial of Joan of Arc begin in Rouen, the seat of the English occupation government.

1760 - Afghans defeat Marathas in Battle of Barari Ghat.

1768 - Philip Astley stages the first modern circus (London).

1788 - Connecticut becomes the fifth state to join the United States.

1793 - Jean-Pierre Blanchard becomes the first to fly in a balloon in the United States.

1806 - Horatio Nelson, 1st Viscount Nelson is buried in St. Paul's Cathedral.

1816 - Sir Humphry Davy tested the Davy lamp for Miners at Hebburn Colliery.

1839 - The French Academy of Sciences announces the Daguerreotype photography process.

1857 - Fort Tejon earthquake, with an estimated magnitude of 7.9.

1858 - Anson Jones, final President of the Republic of Texas commits suicide.

1861 - American Civil War: The "Star of the West" incident. (Considered by some to be the "First Shots of the American Civil War.")

1861 - Mississippi becomes the second state to secede from the Union preceding the American Civil War.


1863 - American Civil War: Battle of Fort Hindman.

1878 - Humbert I becomes King of Italy.

1880 - The Great Gale of 1880 devastates parts of Oregon and Washington with high wind and heavy snow.

1882 - Oscar Wilde gives his first lecture on "The English Renaissance of Art" in New York.

1894 - New England Telephone and Telegraph installs the first battery-operated telephone switchboard in Lexington, Massachusetts.

1900 - S.S. Lazio is founded in Rome, Italy.

1903 - Hallam Tennyson, 2nd Baron Tennyson, son of the famous poet Alfred Tennyson, becomes the second Governor-General of Australia.

1905 - According to the Julian Calendar which was used at the time, Russian workers stage a march on the Winter Palace that ends in the massacre by Czarist troops known as Bloody Sunday, setting off the Russian Revolution of 1905.

1912 - Marines invade Honduras.

1916 - The Ottoman Empire prevails in the Battle of ÿanakkale, as the last British troops are evacuated.

1917 - World War I: Battle of Rafa.

1923 - Juan de la Cierva makes first autogyro flight.

1929 - The Seeing Eye is established with the mission to train dogs to assist the blind (Nashville, Tennessee).


1945 - The United States invades Luzon in the Philippines.

1951 - United Nations headquarters officially opens in New York City.

1960 - Construction of the Aswan Dam begins in Egypt.

1964 - Several Panamanian youths try to put up the Panamanian flag on the US-controlled Panama Canal Zone, during the fight the Panama flag is torn, setting off four days of fighting between US armed forces and civilian panamanians around the country. This day is known as Martyrs' Day.

1972 - RMS Queen Elizabeth is destroyed by fire (Hong Kong harbor).

1986 - After losing a patent battle with Polaroid, Kodak leaves the instant camera business.

1991 - The Soviets storm Vilnius to stop Lithuanian independence.

1995 - Valeri Poliakov completes 366 days in space while aboard the Mir space station, breaking a duration record.

1997 - A Comair Embraer 120 crashes during approach into Detroit Metro Airport, killing 29.

1999 - The Walt Disney World attraction Horizons closes for good.

2002 - The United States Department of Justice announces it is going to pursue a criminal investigation of Enron.

2005 - Elections are held to replace Yasser Arafat.

2006 - The Phantom of the Opera surpassed the record set by Cats for the title of longest running show on Broadway.

2006 - The first broadcast of The Howard Stern Show via Sirius Satellite Radio.


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